Female genital mutilation research paper

Document Type:Research Paper

Subject Area:Sociology

Document 1

Over the recent years, research has revealed that over five hundred thousand girls staying in the United States of America have gone through the female genital mutilation or if they have not yet gone through that act, they are at a higher risk of going through it (Von Rège & Campion, 2017). Research further reveals there are more than one hundred and fifty million ladies in the world who have gone through that harmful act or are at a higher risk of going through it in the future years. The rate at which more girls are being circumcised each year in various countries in the world is alarming. The history of FGM cannot be traced but it has remained at the heart of so many people over the ages. The culture which is cherished by most individuals has contributed largely to an increase in the number of girls being involved in the Female Genital Mutilation act. The following culture to the core is what has made it difficult for the FGM act to stop or reduce in most of the societies in the world (Berg, Underland, Odgaard-Jensen, Fretheim, & Vist, 2014). It has been noted from the previous researches that, the main reason as to why there is no decrease in the number of girls who have been reported to have undergone the cut over the years is because most individuals choose to comply with the standards of the society they are living in instead of standing up and rise against such a shameful and harmful act.

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Most people choose to strictly follow what their culture demands them to do without considering the consequences of their acts. There are so many consequences which follow after a female has been circumcised, many of these consequences are negative but the ironic part of it is that, as much as people are being educated about these consequences, still, so many individuals fall in that trap and choose to be circumcised ((Von Rège & Campion, 2017). For a long time, the African continent has recorded a higher number of circumcised females and also the number of females who are likely to be affected by this act in the near future is quite high. This is called infibulation. The clitoris may be left in place • All other harm to the female genitalia for nonmedical purposes, including pricking, piercing, cutting, scraping and cauterization.

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Reasons why most people still practice Female Genital Cutting Despite the fact that FGM does more harm than good to the body of a female human being, the practice has increased rampantly and is being practiced by most individuals, especially the African continent and majorly countries within the Sahara desert. Different people and communities have their own reasons as to why the still accept and cherish female genital mutilation. There are therefore diverse reasons why FGM is still practiced in many parts of the world despite its harmful consequences (Von Rège & Campion, 2017). When a given transition takes place in one’s life, it is said that one has gone through a given rite of passage. There are four rites of passage in the life of a human being, they include birth, circumcision, marriage, and death.

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In some communities, circumcision is a mandatory rite of passage for both female and male individuals, after circumcision, the individuals involved migrate from childhood to adulthood. In such communities, female beings are left with no option but to be circumcised in order to attain adulthood. The perception that FGM increases sexual pleasures for the man Although this perception is not scientifically proven, most communities and cultures do believe that when girls are circumcised, they become more sexually active. Girls are most at risk between birth and fifteen years. According to research, in about half of the countries in which FGM is practiced, girls are cut before 5 years old. In other countries, most girls are cut between five and fourteen years. Sometimes, FGM is done to adult women (Berg et al. Women may be cut just before marriage.

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In when sewing is done as a type of FGM, the process may be done with thorns and without sterile thread. • The general health of the girl or woman. Immediate effects of FGM • In many communities, girls do not get medicine or drugs which is supposed to reduce the intensity of the pain. After circumcision, the pain is usually too much and therefore lack of pain medicine prolongs the pain and makes it more severe and a great threat to the life of the circumcised girl. • When the circumcision process takes place, it is often accompanied by bleeding. This increases the risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). • Problems having sex. Extra scar tissue from FGM can cause pain, especially during sex. This can lead to a lack of interest in sex, vaginal dryness, and lower overall satisfaction.

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Scarring can also cause vaginal tissue to be less elastic than normal vaginal tissue. They may not be able to pass all of their menstrual blood. This can cause pain and periods that are longer than normal. Some women may also have infections over and over again. Conclusion In conclusion, FGM is a harmful act and the government should enlighten people through intensive mass media so as to enable more people to realize the negative consequences of FGM (Yerima & Atidoga, 2014). Girls should be given freedom of choice and more importantly, society needs to change her perception towards girls that are not circumcised. E. Shambe, H. I. Kahansim, M. L. Berg, R. C. Underland, V. Odgaard-Jensen, J. Fretheim, A.

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