Human sex trafficking research
al, 2018). Even though slavery awareness has spread all over the world, modern human trafficking is not a recent disaster (Logan, Walker, & Hunt, 2009). In the past for example, Rome hadabout 30-40%of the population made up of slaves from neighboring countries such as Britain, Thrace, Germany, and Gaul. Logan, Walker, and Hunt(2009) explained how human trafficking in Europe was not the only place where it was experienced. In America, the African American and white slaves were to help in the development of colonies. In 2013, the value price of a slave was at an all-time low of $90 (Hernandez & Rudolph, 2015). However, the dealers attributed this to an increase in the levels of supply. According to human development, report notes that, today the human population is rampantly increasing especially among the developing countries.
In this perspective, the number of people to be enslaved is also growing (Schumacher, Scitovsky, Leiss, & Gorz, A. The report continues, the value of human beings as a commodity of trade is now diminishing. They believe the industry has something to offerthem, which can be money, better living, asylum or knowledge. Additionally, this is what makes the dealers so appealing to the victims as well: they unknowingly submit to the offers presented to them. This study intents to show that the minority groups are often used in sex trafficking in America. Mostly, the human trafficking in America is in two forms. Firstly, is labor trafficking- transportation, providing people for labor, peonage, fraud, harboring, coercion, recruitment, debt bondage or through use of force.
An article published by the Pennsylvania University Press noted that the United States being the second mainend and marketplace, after Germany, for children and women trafficked for sexual utilization. Between 100,000 - 300,000 kids are subjugated each year by sexualbusiness in the U. S. (Ray, 2011). The terrifying reality of it is that it is happening in America, people just are oblivious. 2 million people (Farrell & Pfeffer, 2018). While observing the figures above, it is seen that sex trafficking has grown very fast inthe last decade and this dramatic change may continue. If people dehumanize those involved and report, it can lead to the end. The last category of trafficking is human organtrade, which accounts for the smallest number, but is projected to grow in future.
Interpol notes there is a growing increase in demand for human organs especially the need for kidneys, which is increasing in the criminal world (Kar,& Spanjers,2017). In sex trade, it is uncommon to find a young girl under the age of fourteen, as the standard age to be confined is fourteen. Interviews conducted on girls that were rescued from nightclubs explainedthat the customers were permitted to do anything they wanted to them (Mount,2018). Crying or screaming only angers the traffickers and cause more abuse to the girls. In the U. S. Slavery has been much distinguished from smuggling by the inclusion of sex trafficking in the guidelines. The victims of sex relocation are accorded US safeguard and other incentives such immigration relief while on the hand any smuggled person in America is deported back to their country (Gozdziak, 2016).
Most of the critics of the law indicate that the law punishes prostitution harshly, and only making human trafficking a low risk and more profitable business. With the TVPA amendments are needed for the judge to punish with extra-jurisdictional territory all the US citizens (Lackmann,2018). The financing of drug dealing in foreign countries is done in the developed nations. The United States is identified as one of the transit destinations for sex trafficking according to a report released by the humantrafficking. org. The report states that each year many of women, children, and, menare relocated all over the globe to the U. S for forced sex or other labor exploitations. The reports state that approximately between 14,000-17,000 mostly children and women are trafficked to United States each year.
Sheila Jeffrey’s (2014) notes pornography is a form of prostitution. The world economy has been entrenched in the process of globalization. An increase in integration has caused the sex trafficking to flourish and grow into a multi-billion dollarindustry. Modern slavery is amongst the most lucrative businesses, which is more rewarding to the people involved. For instance, the trans-Atlantic slave trade utilized economic globalization in the selling and buying of slaves (Manning, 2016). Case Study In the United States, the industry will not grow without having enough traffickers. Two main reasons can be attributed to things such as the high number of traffickers living in the United States. This can be related to the social factors and financial gains the industry is generating.
The United States is known as a social pimp because the people dictate the social behavious which are copied by other people. Moreover, the social pimp, is used as slang when describing stylish, wealth, fresh and extraordinary. Pornography is a new form of business used to entice women into sex trafficking( Bogdan,2014). This has been used as a source of profit to the trafficker. With threats being sent to their family members, the women are forced to give in. The traffickers use certain methods to control and maintain their dominance over the victims. Victims are denied freedom, lose their dignity, abused verbally, and have no control of the money they generate from being exploited. In most cases, the girls found in sex trafficking are usually abused at early stages of their life before entering the industry.
Traffickers look for women with no social ties because no one will come looking for them once they are enslaved(Sanghera,2017). The primary targets for these traffickers are runaways, impoverished women, and unloved, self-conscious women. The trafficked women brought to America are mainly from countries such as Thailand, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Mexico, and Guatemala (Mordeson, Mathew, & Malik, 2018. Many of the victims of sex trafficking enter the country through legal ways. The youth are lured in ways such as romance or friendship with the traffickers, which in time changes and becomes exploitative nature. Raymond & Hughes, (2001), stated that the American Mall is one of the most significant trafficking areas in the United States. Other places such as Houston, Texas, Duluth and international ports are popular among the traffickers (Gilbertson, 2015).
Furthermore, the freeway system enables the transportation of the girls from one club to another (Raymond & Hughes, 2001). Latonero, (2012), states other methods such as Facebook, MySpace and Xbox are incorporated by the traffickers to lure young women to meet with them. A study conducted on “Johns” in America who were in prison for soliciting sex believed that prostitution is not harmful and that prostitutes enjoy it(Hardesty & Gunn, 2017). A study ontrafficked woman resulted in that half of the males they came across expected to have sex with them without condoms. They only said that they would pay for sex if they do not use condoms(Marcus, et al. This demand has led to the deaths of many women yearly due to contraction of Sex-related diseases.
The outsourcing of women to be trafficked in the industry in America does not end hence the continued looking of women to be trafficked in America. The research has portrayed that social issues are still present in the world despite the development or economic progress the nation has attained. This is what has made sex trafficking to grow and remain relevant amongst the developed and developing nations in the world, in contrast to the positive impact of globalization in the world. Lastly, understanding of sex trafficking important in our quest for the future on abolishing exploitative and social issues in the future. In this perspective people to address, is on how human exploitation can be taken away without abolishing of global structures of the world.
References Armao, F. University of Chicago Press. Bustamante, J. A. Extreme vulnerability of migrants: The cases of the United States and Mexico. MigracionesInternacionales, 6(20), 97-118 Burke, M. Eltis, D. , Engerman, S. L. , Drescher, S. , & Richardson, D. Gold, S. , Trautrims, A. , &Trodd, Z. Modern slavery challenges to supply chain management. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 20(5), 485-494. , Miller, S. , & Kluckman, M. Services to domestic minor victims of sex trafficking: Opportunities for engagement and support. Children and youth services review, 54, 1-7. Hardesty, M. Routledge Kar, D. , & Spanjers, J. Transnational crime and the developing world. Lackmann, S. Advocacy or Abuse?: The role of US immigration law in the lives of asylum-seeking Central American women (Doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University). Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 10(1), 3-30. Marcus, A.
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