Impact of Industrial Revolution

Document Type:Term Paper

Subject Area:History

Document 1

Therefore, the period of industrial growth was characterized by an extensive development of factories as well as the large-scale capital investment. The primary causes for the emergence of the Industrial Revolution were the inventions from that let ton the development of the factory system such as advancements in technology and capital formation. Additionally, the improvement in the transportation, communication and commerce structures also contributed to a new lifestyle because these accomplishments fortified the human progress, which in turn stirred the opportunity for individuality. Apparently, the Industrial Revolution not only acted as a framework for post–World War II reconstruction but also served as a model for the establishment of plans and missions for third-world economies emerging from colonialism (Zanden 145). Consequently, historians from the Industrial Revolution era consistently assessed and debated about the important indicators for economic growth, specifically capital formation, changes in industrial schemes, national output in addition to demographic patterns. This paper focuses on the critical analysis of the causes of industrial revolution along with its social and economic effects. Population increase during the 18th century increased the demand for goods and food. The high demand for products and food forced people to discover new means of production increase. What was once an agricultural country now turned into an industrial economy people had to look for more food and goods with capitalists thriving to expand their business and produce more products (Clark 149). The capitalists, therefore, played a significant role in the development of Industrial Revolution. Their quest to explore innovative and quicker means to increase production was the most potent force that generated the rapid growth of industrial revolution.

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Conversely, the growth of industrialization led to the demand for labor since workers were required to operate the factory equipment to produce the products. Eventually, employment prospects increased to the extent that even the less privileged societal classes got an opportunity of been enrolled in the factories and earn a living. However, as the demand for labor intensified, so did the need to acquire cheaper labor, especially from children, since the capitalists wanted to reduce the costs of production to obtain higher profits. In fact, 75 percent of the laborers in factories during that time consisted of women and children (Horn, et al. The factories owners often mistreated them by overworking them with less pay. Accordingly, the industrial revolution had a positive impact on the overall economy by increasing the production output of the factories, generating high revenues for industrialists, as well as improving the skill of the talented artisans.

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Furthermore, the entrepreneur's productivity led to the demand for labor, hence creating employment for the middle class. Thus they earned a living and ultimately improved their social welfare. Secondly, the achievement and expansion of the industrial revolution owed to the ability to transport materials and products over long distances. Michael Faraday’s discovery of electromagnetic induction had paved the way for innovations in the communication field. Perhaps, his concept of nature of fields, magnetic fields, and electricity provided the foundation of most modes of communication. Evidently, the innovation of telegraph and telephone emerged as basic communicational methods that were essential for the entire community usage. Traditionally, mediums of communication such as pony expresses were ineffectual in transmitting messages since they took a long time to convey information. After the invention of the telegraph, however, communication was now convenient because it could transmit a set of codes known as the Morse codes which took less than 5 minutes.

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Considerably, individual's expectations for an improved lifestyle impressively influenced the growth of Industrial Revolution by demanding adjustments to the existing social structure. Some of the modifications included advocating of for better working standards for women and the eradication of child labor. Lastly, the impacts of the industrial revolution are massive and long-term in that they shaped the structure of the modern society by improving people’s lives in various ways. However, alongside the positive influences of the industrial revolution, there were also adverse effects of the industrialization (Horn, et al. For example, the energy that serves a critical function of powering factory has led to the inevitable outcome of pollution. Clark, Gregory. Industrial Revolution. Economic Growth. Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2010. Horn, Jeff, Leonard N. Print.

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