Interdisciplinary approach and cardiovascular diseases

Document Type:Coursework

Subject Area:Management

Document 1

The issue of myocardial blood demand and supply to the heart stands at the heart of the cause of this disease. The myocardial infarctions are caused by low HDL levels and cholesterol levels. Both of these are affected by exercise and poor diet. Social connection is another determinant of a person’s likelihood of contracting the disease. The kind of lifestyle, eg a sedentary lifestyle, overweight, obese individuals and emotional reactivity such as hostility also are predictors of the disease. The article establishes that the domain subject has not been properly addressed, despite the fact that the behavioral aspects, social and psychological factors linked to it have been identified. There is a need to analyze the mechanisms around the disease and find alternative and cheaper ways to avert it. Investigation and research needs to be done to come up with the solution of the disease. Programs must be incorporated, programs which brings together a number of independent investigators to carry out the most effective research. Both contextual factors and the predisease pathways must be considered. Innovation and the use of information and technology cannot be overlooked in the investigation process. Multidisciplinary collaborations work best when there is a perfect mix between the collaboration and technology. Key findings The findings in this article indicates that cardiovascular disease is one of the leading cause of deaths globally. Most of the deaths reported annually, cardiovascular diseases claims a significant percentage. During the time of the publication of the article, cardiovascular diseases controlled about 30% of the total global deaths.

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Almost half of the 30 % deaths are caused by heart related diseases such as the coronary heart disease. The middle income nations and the low income nations are the most victims of the diseases. In these countries, most of the cardiovascular disease patients die prematurely. According to the article, research has shown that smoking, psychological aspects, behavioral, genetic and other factors that affect the heart rate, are the main determinants of the cardiovascular disease. Smoking or the use of tobacco and feeding on diets that are not healthy are some of the simple practices that leads to getting the disease. Multilevel analysis and neuroscience The section of multilevel analysis and neuroscience contributes to the domain subject by looking at a wider picture of diseases as a whole and the significant changes in medical field that must be addressed.

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The section lists all diseases that require special attention globally, and the cardiovascular diseases happens to be one of the items in the list. It incorporates the biological substrates of a cardiovascular disease and the social aspect of it. The role of the brain in the research to manage the diseases has been successfully introduced into the domain subject. More light is shed into the domain subject regarding the issue of cardiovascular diseases, explaining why, at the time of research, social approaches were preferred to the biological approaches. Practices such as high salt intake, stress and other common behaviors that cause hypertension have been discussed from ages ago. The gender and race aspects have been discussed, for instance establishing that the white Americans have a lower chance of developing the disease than the white Americans.

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The section is majorly made up of researches that are meant to prove the points mentioned above in a broader perspective. Status, stress and Heart Disease The last section uses a monkey’s tale coupled with the experience of two behavioral scientists to build on the subjects studied above. They also incorporate interdisciplinary collaborations to set up an animal model to analyze the heart disease, with the help of the knowledge of the behavioral influence. We are hopeful that in the future, most of the medical manipulations will help to suppress all diseases and they will have nowhere to hide. The combination of surgery and traditional drug administration as well as some genetic therapy will flack out the diseases. This is the optimism that has always reigned in the medical institutions.

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Years back, the medical students used to say that they want to understand some biology. The statement has changed overtime to the desire to not only understand some biology, but to cure most or all diseases. These countries have no proper medical instruments like the western countries. The failure to answer such questions indicates that there should be gaps in knowledge and or lack of proper implementation strategies in the medical field. Until the questions are answered and the missing research gaps filled, the theories explained in the article will remain less reliable. All stakeholders, the patients, clinical officers and the government must work together in harmony to discover the answers to the cardiovascular unanswered questions. The infectious agents of the cardiovascular diseases are familiar according to the article, but there exists some research gaps that need to link the research and the control units.

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Adrenergic receptor analysis cannot be better explained than the way it has been explained in the article. It explains how, though indirectly, the oestrogen levels affects heart sensitivity through the catecholamine circulation. Heart transplants as a treatment also builds on the domain. Structural advice to treatment such as frequency of donating the harts for transplants, where it is established that women are more willing to donate while men are the major recipients. Hypertension and its pathophysiology, pharmacological therapy as well as the drug safety for the cardiovascular patients on the view of sex and gender differences has also been analyzed. It has some history of failure. In the section of needs assessment, the article insists that for us to actively include gender in making the informed decisions, there is need for intensive research to come up with evidence-based data.

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Longitudinal strategies have been suggested to successfully collect genders-sensitive strategies. Proper planning and studying must be embraced for the best results. This is the only way of identifying the cardiovascular risk factors that are both gender and behavior based. These individuals research in their own disciplines collaborate with others in different disciplines. It was possible to find a common answer in most instances, especially in the part of emphasizing on detailed research of the cardiovascular diseases. The interdisciplinary approach helped to provide valid and useful information of the matter health disparities. However, the approach could not capture the extent at which some the variance in some disparities such as behavioral and environmental factors that affect the cardiovascular diseases. Cardiovascular diseases are very complex to deal with. This is just one of the new approaches that seeks to solve the complex cardiovascular medical issues.

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The main advantage of this approach is that it draws science specialists from different health disciplines. With such a team, it is very easy to identify the difficult and complex health disparities. These scientist researchers however must formulate a common conceptual framework, so that the goal of the research is harmonized. Also, they must inculcate a common dissemination and interpretation of the findings of their research (McGregor, 2010). Applying transdisciplinary research strategies to understanding and eliminating health disparities. Health Education and Behavior, 33: 515–531. Carey, L. A. Perou, C. G. Nakano, C. Y. Linden, H. M. and Lynch, J. “The contribution of social and behavioral research to an understanding of the distribution of disease: A multilevel approach. In Promoting health: Intervention strategies from social and behavioral research Edited by: Smedley, B. and Syme, S.

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Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Retrieved August 4, 2007, from http://perso. club-internet. fr/nicol/ciret/bulletin/b12/b12c8. htm. National Research Council. Lurie, L. Approaching health disparities from a population perspective: The NIH Centers for Population Health and Health Disparities. American Journal of Public Health, 98: 1608–1615.

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