Memory Process research

Document Type:Research Paper

Subject Area:English

Document 1

Senses are the first step used in the restoration of memory, and if senses are not functioning properly then there can be no memory. The future could be full of many questions while present would be meaningless (Terry, 2016). For memory to work well, the information has to work correctly through senses. Therefore, memory processes help one to know what should be memorized as well as what should be discarded. This paper will explore the concepts of working memory. Sensory memory This is the first stage in which information enters in sense organ. Sensory memory can be described as one of the shortest term component of memory. It has the capability of retaining impressions concerning sensory material once first-hand stimuli end. Sensory memory acts like as a buffer of the stimuli that are usually acknowledged via the five senses of touch, vision, taste, hear, and smell of whereby they are engaged accurately however in a brief way (Cowan, 2015). For instance, the capacity of looking at something then recalling what one has looked at within a second of observing can be an illustration of the sense of memory. Once the stimuli are identified in senses, it can either be ignored intentionally of which it disappears immediately. Or it can be perceived whereby they move in the sensory memory. It does not usually need sensible attention hence it is referred to be outside sensible control. The mind is usually planned to process material that can be used later and then allow the rest to enter without being noticed.

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Once the information is perceived, it is automatically kept in sensory remembrance and unbidden. Compared to other types of memorial, sensory memory does not prolong over rehearsal. Sensory memory can be termed as ultra-short-term memory that is usually destroyed very easily. Normally, it lasts in the area for about 200 to 500 second (½ -1/5 second) once an item has been perceived. It can also last for less than a second despite the fact that iconic memory is thought of lasting a bit longer to an extent of three or four seconds. Short memory usually survives for short time of which it is known as part of the process of insight, although this doesn’t mean that it represents the step of storing information in the short term memory. Short term memory always performs as ‘scratch pad’ that is of transitory recalling of information that can be processed any time as it is discussed as ‘post note of brain’.

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This is described as the ability of recalling and processing information in the same time. It is also capable of holding a small volume of information that is of about 7 items and it can even be less in mind when activated, and available state of a little duration of time of either fifteen seconds or one minute. A sample is, for one to comprehend this sentence, in the start of the sentence has to behold in awareness as the rest is being read and therefore this is the task that is approved out by short-term memory. Another example of the action of the short-term memory is holding a piece of information temporarily so that one can complete the task. The central executive is capable of controlling two neural loops whereby one is for visual data (that is able to activate areas that are nearby the visual cortex in the brain as it plays the role of the graphical scratch pad.

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Another part is of language which is the ‘phonological loop’ that uses Broca’s part as an internal voice that is capable of repeating word sound hence keeping them in the mind. The two mark pads are able to hold information till it is deleted by the following job. Despite the fact that prefrontal cortex remains as not the only fragment in the brain that is involved, I have to corporate through other parts of the cortex where information is extracted in brief times. Damage of the prefrontal cortex of the primates may cause short-term deficits (Carlyle Jacobsen, 2014). For example, when a hyphenated phone number is divided to three or four groups of figures then it becomes easier for one to recall that number. The ideal size in which numbers can be chunked is three (Herbert Simon, 2015).

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The chunking of items extends the amount of things that can be stored in memory for short term. Ever since, it is assumed that short term memory is capable of decaying within a period of time that is 10 to fifteen seconds, although subject matter can be recollected for about a minute as it depends on the content. This can be extended by rehearsal as the information is capable of re-entering the short term memory and hence it is reserved for a longer duration. Generally, except that the impulse has been re-energized, it will stop flowing via the network within few seconds. Word material is always conveyed from short term memory to long term memory in a period of a limited seconds. But the particular devices that transmission may take place and retention of memoirs are reserved forever.

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This has remained debateable subjects among professionals. There have been some disputes among researchers contradicting to claim that memories pass from short memory to long term memory. While long-term memory is maintained by stable as well as everlasting changes of the neural networks which are spread widely in the mind (Cowan, 2015). Hippocampus that is fragment of the brain functions as temporary passage point of the long term memories as it not only stores information but also joins information of short term memory to long term memory as it changes neural connection for the duration of three months. In long term memory forgetting comes through after synaptic connections of the neural network are weakened or if active inventive network covered over the old one hence bring about interference of old memory. Memory is of great importance as it receives and stores information.

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This is because it makes the past to be recognized and the future predictable (Mensi et al, 2014). T. Brain behavior in learning and memory recall process: a high-resolution EEG analysis. In The 15th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering (pp. Springer, Cham. Cowan, N. EWMA control charts for detecting changes in the mean of a long-memory process.  Metrika, 79(3), 267-301. Samenieh, A. September 26). Selective Memory Retrieval Can Impair and Improve Retrieval of Other Memories.

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