Policing in the Advanced Democratic Country

Document Type:Essay

Subject Area:Criminology

Document 1

Studies have shown similar observations regarding the national policing in the developed worlds, Canada being one of them. In fact, the majority of Canadian population resides in areas protected by the stand-alone police services. Despite the significant growth in human understanding and advancement in civilization, multicultural countries still find it hectic to design a coherent policing system. In Canada, there are diverse cultures, competing identities, and religious alignment, making the policing process a controversial intervention in safeguarding the safety of such states. Therefore, the police service is likely to face legitimacy issues, especially from the minority groups who will automatically undermine the efficacy guaranteed by the police in pursuit of a just society. Such actions provide ideal routes for biasness. For instance, the thorniest issue is racial profiling that dominates the police sector – according to the minority.

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In a recent study, for example, scholars indicated that there is a significant outcry among the black population living in Canada and the United States over one-sided police brutality (Staines, 2013). The Black Americans felt that the police were more favorable to the white community and would hardly stop them for questioning as much as they did to the black. In fact, such widespread public criticism over police services poses a significant barrier to the performance of police officers. In essence, lack of preparedness and overreaction from the police side raises the levels of prejudices and mistrust, affecting their mutual relationship even further. A typical example was the attack Rodney King in Los Angeles which confirmed the fears of police brutality on the Black Americans.

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Policing continue to be a serious challenge to countries with people from different ethnic backgrounds. In such countries, there is an absolute relationship issue between the minority and the police service (van Stokkom & Terpstra, 2016). In most cases, there are instances of real security concerns, and times, there are imagined security threats from the minorities. As a result, it has called for a constant review of strategies by the police management to ensure they become more accommodated by the society, but this has since yielded an insignificant positive result. Each democratic country has been on the verge to establish mechanisms that can enhance predictability and effectiveness in fights against crime (Kucera & Mares, 2013). Unfortunately, the legitimacy battle has rooted itself in the police body and the public, especially the minority.

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In the late 1970s, the Canadian government initiated the “broken window” approach that aimed at an absolute intolerance to any form of disorderliness among the public (van Stokkom & Terpstra, 2016). Well, it succeeded to some extent; however, it failed by a more considerable margin. Unfortunately, the move hardly favors the minorities who remain inclined to their social, political, and religious constructs. Therefore, it would be ideal for the state authorities to launch community-based policing to address the mistrust that has existed between the police officers and the selected public sections from time immemorial. It is through this strategy that harmony will exist and people will begin to appreciate job descriptions of police officers while refraining from avoidable criminal acts. References Ben-Porat, G.

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