Sex Trafficking Research Paper

Document Type:Research Paper

Subject Area:Criminology

Document 1

Women and small girls are the main victims due to their vulnerability and demand for sex by men in many countries. Poverty is the main cause of sex trafficking, and the suppliers use the situation to trick the victims with promises to get them ready and well-paying jobs once they reach the destination. It is also common for the criminals to kidnap the victims and transport them forcefully. Human trafficking is a violation of human rights. The act was enacted to curb any activity which may involve recruiting, harboring, transporting or having a person engage in sex acts for commercial purposes. This illegal business operates on the principle of Supply and demand. Many men are willing to pay handsomely to solicit for sex a factor that sustains sex trafficking.

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Some countries have put in place measures to curb prostitution. They include Sweden, Iceland and Norway where it is a criminal offence to buy or sell sex. The Causes of Trafficking (The Push and Pool Factors) Many factors directly influence and perpetuate human sex trafficking structures. Without looking at the possible risks that these promises may involve the victims often give in blindly. This is mostly applicable to countries in states of political unrest, corrupt systems, and widespread poverty. The Supply Chain Systems Perspectives in Sex Trafficking Drug dealing, arms smuggling and human trafficking are the most profitable illegal business carried out by organized criminals in the world today. These organizations are very organized with a vast network globally. It is a very serious pandemic.

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The process involves the procurement of goods, production and the final face of distribution (Cyrus, & Vogel, 2015). The management of such systems is well managed with contacts across the organizational boundaries with well-planned and controlled units. Like any other business, sex trafficking is a complete system. The supply ensures a continuous supply of victims from their country of origin. There is a high demand for commercial sex and cheap labor. Once the victims leave their countries, they are denied their travelling and identity documents. Money is taken away from them, and they are denied any form of communication with anyone including authorities. They are handed over to contacts within the foreign country and who are little known to them. The victims are them taken to an undisclosed location where they are used for prostitution with no financial benefits on their side and as some find themselves in brothels.

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This process involves threats, coercion and violence to intimidate the victims who may be offering resistance. A supplier can share a variety of pictures of women to potential consumers to choose from. They can communicate with their clients from all over the world. Advancement in technology facilitates online payments. Thus this business can be conducted with very little or no contact between the cartels at high ranks. It is, therefore, a system that is complex and may be difficult for authorities such as the Interpol to track down these activities. Prevalence Currently, prostitution is most prevalent in highly poverty-stricken areas and most developing nations especially those of the African continent. According to (Freedman, 2017), some of the African countries, which are experiencing this social problem, include Nigeria, Angola, Burkina Faso, Kenya, Egypt among others (Freedman, 2017).

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The problem emerges because of people failing to access job opportunities and also due to urbanization. In situations whereby people do not have an income generating activity, some end up practising prostitution as a way of earning income to meet their crucial survival needs. Due to high rates of prostitution, there are high cases of sexually transmitted infections and Hiv/Aids in the society. In this case, the primary body that is involved in such efforts is the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI). Additionally, sex trafficking is also combated at the state level (Farrell et al. In this case, different states have enacted laws that criminalize sex trafficking. Additionally, the state and local government have been supporting the apprehension of the sex trafficking perpetrator by offering support to the federal government bodies.

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On the international front, “trafficking in Person” (TIP) programs are involved in combating sex trafficking. Firstly, the state level law enforcement lack the proper training to identify the cases of human trafficking (Parsons& Cray, 2014). This is because those involved in sex trafficking will usually not identify as victims. Secondly, the law enforcement at the state level might not have the investigative capabilities to combat sex trafficking. This prevents the agencies from collecting valuable data on the sex trafficking networks. Lastly, there is inconsistent reporting and data collection from the state level law enforcement. DEMAND-AT Working Paper, 1. Farrell et al. The Prosecution of State-Level Human Trafficking Cases in the United States. Anti-Trafficking Review, (6). doi:10. Globalization and human trafficking. J. Soc. & Soc. Welfare, 34, 107.

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