Summary of the Use and Supply of Water in Abu Dhabi

Document Type:Essay

Subject Area:Other

Document 1

It is the only source of fresh water available in the UAE of Abu Dhabi (Dr. Madfaei et al. However, Abu Dhabi is located in a desert where the rate of evaporation is extremely high and therefore there is a low rate of water recharge as compared to the continual abstraction of water from shallow aquifers available in that area. Consequently, these water aquifers consist only of non-renewable fossil water (Dr. Madfaei et al. Further, the demand for quality clean water has tremendously increased in the past decade since the groundwater levels have reduced due to the high rate of groundwater withdrawal. The water is then used in activities such as irrigation for agricultural, domestic use and in industries. The primary use of groundwater in Abu Dhabi is for irrigation purposes. The water is mainly used to carry out agriculture and for afforestation. In fact, the water used in these two sectors accounts for approximately 2. Mm3 / year (Dr. Madfaei et al. The intensive abstraction of water from the ground to support the agricultural and afforestation activities has further led to the alteration of the hydrogeological system of the Abu Dhabi area. In fact, it is approximated that there are about 24000 farms in Abu Dhabi Emirate and therefore these firms depend on irrigation that is sustained by groundwater. The impact of this is that the groundwater is rapidly getting depleted leading to acute water shortage in Abu Dhabi area and its environs. Desalinated Seawater: Desalinated water sources generate about 17 percent of the water that is used in Abu Dhabi.

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A significant percentage of the desalinated water is processed from the desalinated plants and supplied directly to be used in different sectors. Also, a small percentage of this water is generated through reuse via treatment of sewage effluent. The Abu Dhabi Emirates is considered as one of the places in the world that has the highest rate of water consumption on a daily basis. It is estimated that it has a per capita consumption of about 590 liters per day (Dr. Dr. Madfaei et al. This pattern is expected to continue in the future as the population increase and people depend more on agriculture for food. Treated Waste Water: This is water that is treated from the sewage waste effluents and reused. The recycling of water is noted effective in Abu Dhabi due to inefficiency in the distribution system.

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The Al Wathba Wetland reserve is located some forty kilometers East of Abu Dhabi. It is on the left-hand side of the truck road leading to Al Ain. The Wetland consists of a lake that stretches for an estimated 1. kilometers lengthwise and 0. kilometers in width (Dhaher & Saji, 2013). Gravel deposits and the surficial sand are the most dominant soil types in this habitat and the surrounding areas. The name of the place the reserve is situated, “Sabkha” means a mixture of salt flats and sand deposits in Arabic (Saji & Shah, 2016). The Sabkha area of Abu Dhabi formed about 7000 years ago as a result of wind erosion due to the frequent sand dunes in the desert climate of Abu Dhabi. Other factors that contributed to the formation of Sabkha is the progradation of the intertidal, subaqueous and supratidal carbonate sediments.

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The prevailing arid conditions in this ecoregion has been existent since 4000 years ago (Saji & Shah, 2016). The Al Wathba Wetland Reserve, therefore, supports the conservation of plant and animal species which some are endemic (cannot be found elsewhere). google. com/search?q=al+wathba+wetland+reserve+abu+dhabi+pictures&tbm=isch&source=iu&ictx=1&fir=cVDnW2iofUCC4M%253A%252CyKCSOtoe9a90KM%252C_&usg=__52UTx-34iCSqwmuG7WE1aMOhzbI%3D&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjPobSdrtfaAhVlDcAKHR4aBbMQ9QEIKTAA#imgrc=b3xoeVzTRxUdwM: References Bollaci, D. Hawkins, C.  Sustainable Water Management Assessment and Recommendations for the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. Madfaei, M.  A. Dr. Dawoud, M. Dr.  N. Original Article Influence of chemical parameters on Artemia sp. Crustacea: Anostraca) population in Al Wathba Lake in the Abu Dhabi Emirate, UAE.  Research Gate, 4(2), 87-95. Retrieved from DOI: 10.

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