Theoretical approach and why sociologists use them

Document Type:Research Paper

Subject Area:Sociology

Document 1

In this case, the theory can be understood in the way we look at things and our focus on them as well as the way we misinterpret what we are seeing (Glaser & Strauss, 2017). The approach also serves a significant role that includes as well as excluding things from our main point of view. Sociology as a field fits in this area in that the family and the society societal systems both exist as real. The theoretical approach is essential for sociologists because our ideas and thoughts are made clear to the others since they are presented in an organized manner. In the analysis of their results, the sociologists use a multiple of the perspective simultaneously in an attempt to come up with research questions to carry out the research (Glaser & Strauss, 2017).

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On the other hand, when people in the society work interdependently but hold the same values. Symbolic interactionist perspective In this case, the sociologists consider investigating people’s interaction with each other as well as the meaning of the various symbols (Rahim, 2017). The aspect originated from Max Weber who argued that people’s interpretation of the meaning of the world depicts their actions. What makes this perspective evident is the spoken word which is the primary predominant symbol. As long as something refers to something beyond itself, it can act as a symbol. Karl Marx Karl Marx was influenced by the conflict theory. He mainly examined the cause of the conflict between the working class and the poor (also called the proletariat) and capitalists with the owners of the means of production.

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He claimed that the high rise of capitalism due to the existence of the bourgeoisie and the proletariat was as a result of uneven distribution of resources between the two groups and they had different interests. Karl Marx saw that the society is made up of different individuals in various social classes and that the individuals must compete for resources for them to survive (Rahim, 2017). The resources include; employment, education, food, leisure time and housing. The workers had some connections with the products in the fields such as agriculture. For the bourgeoisie, workers worked for salaries alone (Ritzer & Stepnisky). Alienation was the term that Marx used to describe the modern societies. The term refers to a situation in which in an organization, a worker is wholly divorced in his community implying that he/she has no sense of belongings in that particular society.

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He went forth to define four types of this situation. Moreover, he came up with a theory on the social change, in which he discussed it comprehensively. The approach was regarded as a tool that every society needed to use as a guide for change to be seen. He argues that it’s through the societal conflicts and contradictions that change occur. In the West including America, his conflict theory had become popular in the area. Both the functional and counter-argument was all under the conflict theory (Ritzer & Stepnisky). Marx main agenda was the human welfare of the human society. Through his writing, he focused on saving the community labour from the exploitations of the rich people. Through the books, the capitalists started to take it as a warning for them to desist from such acts (Ritzer & Stepnisky).

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