Baghdad Literature Review

Document Type:Thesis

Subject Area:History

Document 1

Despite its perfect circle, unusual shape, and undoubtfully inspired by the ancient Mesopotamia cities, the symbolical purpose of Baghdad is creating an urban planning level with an image of paradise. This piece of work is a literature review on how the formation of Baghdad city influenced it’s economic, political, and economic environment. Again, the review will incorporate how the creation of Baghdad city has impacted Muslim development. The Golden Age of the Abbasid Caliphate (145–193/763–809) demonstrate convincingly that political foundations laid by al-Mansur were strong and able1. The early Abbasid state owed much the Umayyad for it acknowledged the debt owed to Abd al-Malik and Hisham. Iraq had a vast tradition that was attached to the Prophet’s Family. Again, Iraq provided sound economic ground for shifting.

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Iraq provided the largest contribution of revenue to the Caliphate, and therefore, revenue from Iraq was to be made close to the center of administration thus, easier collection of revenue. Precisely, Iraq was Caliphate’s breadbasket3. Some reasons existed for the establishment of Baghdad. In times when a large position of the Muslims composed the Arabs, it was justifiable. However, conversion to Islam gathered pace, making the regime of the Arab less reasonable. The partly role of the Abbasid revolution was an attempt to disintegrate the barriers because the class of early Abbasid revolution ruling was more variedly composed4. Still, there existed Arab tribal leaders, such as Yazid b. Mazyad al-Shaybanc, who seemed home in Umayyad court. The Round City of Baghdad provided an example of Islamic culture, and its shape has a unique history of the Muslim Urbanism.

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Again, Negoiþã6while talking about The Ancient Urbanism: The Abbasid Ceremonial reports that the development of Baghdad was inspired by know cities, including Ecbatana, Hatra, and Gour. She reports that the city has a circular design, with its main road being in a radial arrangement and centrally located. The urban structure of Baghdad city is associated with Greek-Roman model expressing a clear relationship between the administrative buildings and public space. The relationship between the commercial areas and the roads was meant to allow easy movement within the landscape of the urban city. Strange in his work- Baghdad During the Abbasid Caliphate provides an interesting approach to Baghdad planning through covering history during 8-13 th centuries7. The works have both chronological timetable, the history of Baghdad's foundation, the building of gates, places, trenches, canals, quarters and the descriptions of the early, and middle history of the Abbasid Caliphate.

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Abbasid Caliphate, unlike Umayyads that concentrated on the West, Mediterranean, Southern Europe and North Africa, turned eastward. Upon moving the capital to the new city of Baghdad, events in Transoxania and Persia were closely watched. Caliphate did not coterminous with Islam. Contemporary Islamic society became in interpersonal relations instead of the well-defined governmental infrastructure. The world of the court became one of counter intrigue and intrigue because many clients became provocateurs. In summary, since the formation of Baghdad in 762, the city has thrived as the religious, cultural, political, and commercial center of Muslim empire. Numerous works have been developed to explain how the formation of Baghdad city has influenced it's economic, political, and economic environment and the Muslim development. For instance, Kennedy reports that the Abbasid state is different from Umayyad, such that it moved its the center of the government was moved to Iraq from Syria.

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