Cardiovascular Heart Disease Research

Document Type:Coursework

Subject Area:Management

Document 1

However, in China, there is an issue of the double burden of diseases as it tries to balance nutrition. According to several scholars, chronic disease claims many lives especially among the elderly. With the current trend, the Chinese budget for healthcare goes on increasing. This paper analyzes cardiovascular disease as a chronic disease in the Chinese population with the basic components including statistical figures that relate to the disease. In the final part, the paper shall provide possible intervention measures that may help in the reduction of the cases or containment of the disease. All these aspects shall receive evidence from recent studies. In the discussion section, this paper shall analyze some of the predisposing factors of cardiovascular heart disease, its examples in China, and possible intervention measures of the disease. Literature review China contains a population of 1. billion according to world population review of statistical data. According to Zhao et al. the majority of the population accounts for the elderly, which makes chronic diseases, in general, to be of high prevalence. In the view of the four common chronic diseases, a study in Haikou, Hainan province projected that 1. of the population had stroke, 8. had diabetes mellitus, and 26% had hypertension. Analysis of mortality trends by Wan et al. stipulated an increase in ischemic heart disease in definite patterns. In essence, their studies in the southwest regions recorded a percentage change of 4. while for the northeast regions the change was 7. Critical analysis indicates that lifestyle changes and urbanization are the major impetus for such chronic conditions.

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In other prevalence such as that of Xiao and Chen (2010), about one-third of China deaths is as a result of cardiovascular heart disease. mention include hypertension, smoking, dyslipidemia, diabetes, obesity, and overweight, diet, and nutrition, air pollution as well as physical inactivity as key risk factors of CVD. In order to validate this, it is important to understand each risk factor. Globally, hypertension is also regarded as high blood pressure (Makridakis and DiNicolantonio, 2014), and it is the leading risk factor in CVD. Patients with hypertension suffer an inability to vary their systolic blood pressure (Messerli et al, 2015). Research indicates that 244. Analysis of such toxic particulates indicates that the active substance in PM, that is, PM2. has a role in the pathogenesis of most CVD (Wei-Wei et al, 2017). Diabetes is also a potential risk factor for CVD in China.

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In essence, there is a high prevalence of diabetes condition among various population groups and is, therefore, a major health challenge (Hu and Jia, 2018). Prevalence of diabetes is noted to be high in the urban sector than the rural sector. terms it as similar. Regardless of this, Edge, L. notes that the burden of containment in the rural population is high due to levels of poverty and high medical costs. He further laments that, the cost of treatment of every Chinese with stroke is at $1. per year. SHAKE the salt habit is a strategy to reduce the cumulative salt consumption in the general population. Through surveillance, harnessing food industry, adoption of standards for labeling and measuring, support and environmental considerations, China can reduce the total amount of salt its population consumes and therefore reducing the risks for cardiovascular diseases.

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The proposed procedure includes: Surveillance This step involves measuring and monitoring salt use by measuring and monitoring population salt consumption patterns, sodium content evaluation and monitoring in the food, and finally measuring and controlling the salt reduction program. Harnessing industry This step involves orienting food production industries to manufacture foods with low salt levels. This is attainable by setting the expected levels of salt in foods and enforcing interventions to reduce salt intake. Furthermore, increasing condition of acquiring a license for tobacco industries can prove fruitful. This will make smoking expensive and unaffordable for the majority of the population. The design Short term goals The short-term goals involve: • Significant weight loss • Change to healthier diets • Reduced smoking habits • Reduced alcohol intake • Healthy lifestyles Intermediate goals • Access to healthcare • Proper preventive care with medication distribution Long-term goals • The government should establish a surveillance team to survey salt consumption patterns • China government should set the standard limit of salt in manufactured foods • The government should indicate a deadline for food manufacturing industries to lower their salt concentration to certain amounts • The government should set the maximum tobacco units produced per industry • The government should raise the price of tobacco • The government should introduce limited smoking hours and penalties slapped on those who void this law • The government should compose health extension officers who will develop health campaign curriculum and timetable • The government will have achieved cost effective treatments for cardiovascular conditions.

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IMPLEMENTATION • The government will provide free gym sessions for people with a BMI greater than 35. This session will be considered productive if it will be able to contain the BMI in suitable states. He, J. Hypertension and related cardiovascular disease burden in China. Annals of global health, 82(2), 227-233. China Population. Retrieved 2018-08-07, from http://worldpopulationreview. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 6(6), 421-430. Hu, C. Jia, W. Diabetes in China: epidemiology and genetic risk factors and their clinical utility in personalized medication. Diabetes, 67(1), 3-11. N. G. Wang, Y. J. Liu, M. Dai, Q. Liang, H. Bian, H. Shen, Y. Prevalence of stroke and vascular risk factors in China: a nationwide community-based study. Wang, X. Li, X. Linderman, G. C. Wu, C. Fischer, U. Rimoldi, S. F. Bangalore, S. Hypertension control and cardiovascular disease. Wang, X.

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Hao, G. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Status of hypertension in China: results from the China Hypertension Survey, 2012–2015. U. Man-Lu, Z. H. U. Wen, W. China cardiovascular diseases report 2015: a summary. Journal of geriatric cardiology: JGC, 14(1), 1. Weiwei, C. Runlin, G. Lisheng, L. Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in China. Frontiers of Medicine in China, 4(1), 16-20. Zhao, C. Wong, L. Zhu, Q.

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