Charlemagnes Capitulary for Saxony

Document Type:Thesis

Subject Area:History

Document 1

Additionally, he was also determined to ensure that they were all converted to Christianity. To ensure that he was able to meet his overall goals, Charlemagne was often involved in radical wars from time to time. By the year 800, roman pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne as an emperor. It is from this role that he was able to come up with a strategic measure aimed at encouraging the renaissance of the Carolingian which was made up of European intellectual and cultural revival. Upon his death in the year 814, Charlemagne had been able to adequately grow his empire to the western parts of Europe allowing for the survival of the Christian religion in the areas (Burgess 34). He had grown a personal bond with the king and wrote his biography depicting his enthusiastic support for the literary arts, writers, and many other fields of education (Collins 116).

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Charlemagne’s Relationship with the Saxons The tactics Charles employ to win over the Saxons to Christianity was that he expanded into the territory of the Saxons, which were pagan people living in what is now modern-day northern Germany. Charlemagne’s goal was to convert all these people of Germany to Christianity, and he did this by the “scorched earth” policy. If anyone who went against the teachings of Christianity and believed in human sacrifice and witchcraft and were caught doing this, it would be automatic execution. Although Charlemagne gave mercy to some people, in the result he, was extremely strict when enforcing Christianity upon the Saxons. Charlemagne’s political endowment enabled him to be victorious whenever he was involved in battles.

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From the document, the author explains how he was able to hold an assembly at a villa referred to as Duren. It is at this point that he was able to undertake a campaign into Saxony. Some of the other activities that he had been involved in include, rebuilding Ebensburg, capturing of castrum of Syburg, and being able to reach the river Weser located in Braunsberg. All these tactical moves were essential towards enabling him to gather the relevant techniques that would later allow him to conquer more kingdoms. The Use of Religion for Political Purpose Empire (800-1806) in the translations of many books including The Bible. It would not be long before Charlemagne gained control over religious affairs. While Charlemagne did have an honest admiration for education, his reform was also motivated by politics and building his empire.

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To accomplish the unification of the kingdom, Charlemagne brought in scholars from around the world, including Einhard. He opened schools and financed libraries, many located in churches and monasteries, throughout the kingdom (Sullivan). Charlemagne’s Role in Spreading Christianity Charlemagne came to the throne at a crucial time for the dynasty for it was lacking central authority and had made very little progress in the Dark Ages (5th century, Whipp). He became known as the defender and protector of the Church, orthodoxy, and education. While he employed many scholars from around the world to teach because of his admiration for the studies he also wanted all free people to be well educated to complete administrative tasks. His endeavors were inclined towards coming up with a court paradigm a center aimed at influencing the European religious and cultural way of life.

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He also saw this as a way of uniting the kingdom and legitimizing his divine right as the Holy Roman Emperor (800) when he was crowned by Pope Leo III (750-816) on Christmas Day. Charlemagne succeeded in using education as his platform to unify his kingdom. He was able to bring about economic success, eliminate significant gaps in communication and awoke a cultural renaissance; all of which was documented in Einhard's Life of Charlemagne to bring about a legitimate and centralized Holy Roman Empire.   Conclusion To many, Charlemagne is considered as the father of Europe mostly owing to his immense contribution to the political, social and cultural perspective of the region. Based on historical findings available, Charlemagne was able to actively interact with people from distinguished kingdoms in the vas European context with an aim of ensuring that he would be able to achieve his primary objective which was to rule and spread Christianity.

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