Clinical and Counseling Psychology Research

Document Type:Research Paper

Subject Area:Psychology

Document 1

Some of these assessments, as evident in some articles and books concerning psychology may vary depending on whether it is clinical or counseling psychology. However, a significant part of these assessments both in clinical and counseling psychology have the same characteristics since the types of psychology share a lot in common. Assessments help the psychologists to collect enough data concerning their clients to help them understand their clients better. they include a broad set of skills that are employed by professionals to gather the required information useful for determining a person’s state of mental health to make a diagnosis. The roles of clinical and counseling assessments have varied as the approaches to the treatment and prevention of mental disorders keep changing and evolving over time.

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It allows a psychologist to see a wider picture of the client’s strengths and limitations. During the assessment, a psychologist is able to observe a client and extract information through observation or questions using either direct interviews or surveys. The information is used to determine the condition of the client where the psychologist analyzes the clients’ weaknesses as well as the strengths. According to Ryder, cultural-clinical psychology has been affected by the trends over the years that have seen it vary from time to time, (Ryder et al, 2011). For decades, there have been cultural group differences regarding group presentation, assessment as well as outcomes in treatment. Psychotherapy integration is a term that is used to describe the attempts done by therapists to look beyond the confines of single-school approaches for the purposes of learning from the other perspectives.

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Some of the approaches applied in psychotherapy integration include technical eclecticism, assimilative integration, and theoretical integration. All these theories have both similarities and differences discussed in each below. Technical Eclecticism It is an approach that allows the selection and combination of the most effective techniques irrespective of the therapist’s theoretical understanding, (Prochaska et al, 2018). The aim is to ensure that optimal therapeutic results are achieved regarding a particular patient. Assimilative integration In this approach, other approaches for therapy willingly incorporate their techniques to accompany a solid grounding in one of the theoretical approaches, (Goldman et al, 2018). Here, according to most therapists, the most comfortable theoretical position is a psychodynamic one. The psychodynamic theory allows therapists to understand what is going on with their patients in the course of the treatment.

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Nonetheless, the psychodynamic theory does not generate many techniques such as assigning homework to the patient. Therefore, many therapists prefer to use the approach because they find it to work very well. However, in theoretical integration, the techniques from different approaches are brought together at the beginning to develop a grand unified theory. So far, there has not been a Grand Unified Theory developed by neither physicists nor psychotherapists due to the complexity involved with combining two or more approaches that have different worldviews. According to Messer and Winokur, the words to describe the problems associated with psychodynamic approach and behavioral approach are tragic and comic respectively, (Laursen et al, 2018). They considered psychodynamic approaches tragic since they often led to a behavioral pattern that is destructive and impossible to resolve due to their tendency to focus on an early difficulty.

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On the other hand, the two regarded behavioral approach as a comic approach to the literary theory since it sees problems as much more amenable to change. Faith and hope is part and parcel of a successful therapy since it motivates therapists to deliver an intervention in a better way. Also, every approach involves beneficial therapists’ qualities, for instance, paying attention to the patient as well as indicating positive affection for the patient, (Seligman et al, 2014). Lastly, another common factor in the list is the provision of a rationale of the problems that are experienced by the therapists to their respective patients. When the rationale is credible and sufficient it allows the patient to understand the problem better. Trends in Psychology Psychology has grown in the recent years and it is still growing in the United States.

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The rationale behind this is that such preventive interventions are effective therefore result to maximum benefits to users, (Hage et al, 2007). Theory-based and evidence-based preventive programmes which are regularly evaluated put in mind the risk and protective factors regarding the entire framework. Also, counseling and clinical psychologists are being encouraged to apply interventions that are relevant both to the social and cultural status, (Rivera-Mosquera et al, 2007). Such preventive practices should also fall under the specific context for which they are applied. The basis behind this strategy is due to the growing diversity of the American population, therefore, requiring that the preventive programs are culture-tailored. , Hilsenroth, M. J. , Gold, J. R. , Owen, J. K. , Kenny, M. , Schwartz, J. P. , & Waldo, M. D.

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