Disruptive Impulse Control and Conduct Disorders

Document Type:Research Paper

Subject Area:Psychology

Document 1

For this case, the DSM has categorized these disorders into some subcategories for easy diagnosis and treatment or management. These include; conduct disorders, pyromania, oppositional defiant disorder, kleptomania and intermittent explosive disorder. Each of the disorder has various features, symptoms, diagnosis criteria as well as the prevention and treatment methods that may cover various management programs such as parent management training, multi-systemic treatment, cognitive therapies, and social skills management among others. Introduction Disruptive, impulse-control and conduct disorders can be defined as a collection of different disorders that can be vastly characterized by the problems of behavioral self-control and emotions among affected individuals (Coccaro, 2012). The affected individuals with this kind of disorders may exhibit certain aggressive and defiant behaviors towards other individuals or properties because they usually have challenges in controlling their emotions hence making them to easily break the rules or laws. It consists of different disorders such as pyromania, oppositional defiant disorder, kleptomania, impulse control alongside other unspecified disruptive disorders, intermittent explosive disorder, and conduct disorders. The collection of these disorders are new to the DSM-5 as opposed to other disorders (Grothaus, 2013). Disorders that have been documented in DSM-5 may also be characterized by similar behavioural and emotional regulations, however, the chapter of Disruptive, Impulse-Control and Conduct Disorders appear to be unique since their problems are mainly manifested in defiant and violent behaviors that mainly violate rights of other individual or properties (Daniels & Steiner, 2014). They, therefore, subject an individual to come into conflict with the norms of the society or law authorities.

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According to Kann & Hanna (2000), these disorders have been found to be more associated with male individuals as compared to females however the relative degree of predominance of these disorders in males may vary depending on various disorders as well as age brackets. For instance, sexual or physical abuse, parental rejection or neglect, strict discipline, changing of caregivers frequently to children, family histories such as parental criminality or substance-related disorders (Coccaro, 2012). In other disorders, there may be associated with the links in heredity given that there might be some disorders along the family line that have proved development risks on some individuals. Moreover, abnormalities, as well as neurobiological markers, are also found to be associated with some these disorders (Grothaus, 2013). Common symptoms Disruptive, Impulse-Control and Conduct Disorders are associated with various kind of symptoms that varies according to the disorder.

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These may include irritable mood or angriness patterns, defiant behaviors, damaging of property, recurring patterns of defiance against laws or rules, bullying others, physical aggression, physical fights, or stealing (APA, 2013). Treatment The condition can be effectively be treated by integrating the settings of an individual to other familial and school factors. Moreover, the best way to address the treatment should be based on solving the familial conflicts for example discord in marital status or associated maternal depression. This will simply address possible causes of conduct problems. Currently, there is an effective approach to the treatment of CDs such as multi-systemic treatment and integrative approach that explains the broader context of conduct problems (APA, 2013). Oppositional Defiant Disorder Oppositional Defiant Disorders are more among the prepubescent boys as oppose to the prepubescent girls, however, following the end of puberty, the rates become nearly the same.

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The risk factors that are common with this disorder are the strict parental styles, substance use during pregnancy, child-parent insecure attachments, familial history connected to mental disorders, and impulsivity may result in this condition. Brain injuries can also result in some behavioral challenges given the subtle differences in brain parts that are responsible for thinking, judgment, and control of impulses. Treatment of ODD Treatment of this condition requires incorporation of strength training of parental and social skills management, cognitive therapy, individualistic psychotherapy and or family therapy. Treatments for this disorder should be directed to an individual child and should be applied in the way of using various techniques to adolescents and pre-schoolers. Some techniques have been used effectively and prove to preventative to the causes of ODD. In this case, it is impossible to premeditate the outburst and therefore there must be a clear cause of impairment function or distress or otherwise leading to some consequences of legal or financial issues.

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The diagnosis of this condition can only be made to individuals who have reached six years or to older individuals. The outburst recurrent in an individual can never be illustrated by any other mental disorder or substance-related condition. Etiology The differences in serotonin levels in the brain have been found to be the cause of some impulsive behaviors such as the predisposition to impulsive violence. In some circumstances, IED has also connected prefrontal cortex lesions as well as the destruction of the amygdala that therefore lead to the high chances aggressive and impulsive behavior making it hard for the prediction of outcomes of one’s actions (Hendren & Butler, 1998). S. is having a prevalence rate of six individuals in every one thousand people. General Parenting skills to help individuals with disruptive disorders Children and adolescents act as being disruptive or developing defiant behaviors prove to be very challenging since it is a common behavior in children as they grow.

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In cases where the problems become severe, greatly disrupting a child’s academic achievements, disrupts family or persists, then the parent should take full responsibility of seeking immediate mental health care from the care providers. Some behavior especially the violent ones that endanger lives of people and or animals need immediate care (Daniels, 2014). org/dsm5 Berlin, G. S. Hollander, E. Compulsivity, impulsivity, and the DSM-5 process. CNS spectrums, 19(1), 62-68. Dobson, S. Mental health 'bible' overhauled. Canadian HR Reporter, 26(16), 1-1,11. Retrieved from https://search. proquest. Adolescent Psychiatry, 22, 85. Retrieved from https://search. proquest. com/docview/206573242?accountid=158399 Kann, R. T.

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