Contextual Variables Affecting Teaching and Learning

Document Type:Coursework

Subject Area:Education

Document 1

Contextual factors can greatly influence the teaching and learning process in a classroom. Teachers should take into consideration these factors and student characteristics before they can start teaching. A comprehensive understanding of a student can help a teacher in designing best teaching activities that will help the student. These contextual factors include student characteristics, surrounding community, classrooms dynamics as well as school environment. According to Arora & Stoner (1996), a teacher should ensure that all these factors are taken into consideration to enable them to meet students’ need. Community factors play a big role to enable effective teaching and learning of the students to be met. Social-economic difference is a major factor that may affect learning. Schools located in areas with low socio-economic environments may not get various support outside the community compared to schools which are located in areas of high socio-economic levels. Regions of high economic levels are likely to have a lot of support from donations and community assistance to enable students to have adequate materials or resources for learning thus facilitating the teaching and learning process (Martinez, 2006). District or rural factors may also affect teaching and learning process. Many district or rural schools are likely to have teacher shortages compared to other areas. Such an element may have an impact on several teaching aspects such as the quality of teachers hired in these regions. In some cases, the district education planners may be forced to lay off some teachers and replace them with the long-term substitutes who may not have enough experience or the same level of education background and training as teachers in advantaged regions (Martínez, et al.

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Consequently, some districts are also forced to cut off some programs such as extracurricular activities due to financial issues thus affecting the wholesome development of a student. Classroom factors also affect teaching and learning process. For the learning or teaching to be efficient and effective, classrooms should always be safe for students and all conditions within the classroom including chairs and desks should be in good condition so students can have least or no destructions. Additionally, classroom materials should always be readily available and easy to access to minimize time wastage (Martínez, et al. Other factors such as students’ characteristics may also affect teaching and learning process considering the fact that students may have many issues to deal with which can affect the learning and teaching process. Today, many classrooms are multiculturally making it important for teachers to understand various cultural differences in various classrooms, an aspect that can be facilitated by getting close to their students.

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Some students may have special needs to attend to. School calendar and holiday structures in Alberta traditionally start from September to June. There are two semesters in a year and the senior high school have exams at the end of the semester. After the senior high school, one may opt to continue with their post-secondary studies ("Alberta’s School System", 2018). Alberta education system also includes kindergarten which is the early childhood school that is designed to prepare children for entry into grade 1. Entry age to early childhood is 5 years old, followed by grade 1-6, which requires 6 to 12-year old’s. A visual learner understands and absorbs ideas and concepts when presented in pictorial or graphical forms. Logical learners can think logically and are also known as linear thinkers. They are good with numbers compared to other categories of learners (Enrique, 2018).

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Verbal learners are good with words and are likely to develop an interest in writing and reading. They also enjoy playing on sounds and meaning of words. Students are likely to find the learning process friendly and welcoming when they feel safe and secure. Another reason why teachers should respect the rights and dignity of students is that they are role models to students and are likely to be emulated thus bringing in the necessity of acting as examples to the juniors. Approaches to Teaching and Learning There are various approaches to teaching and learning which include; the use of hip-hop, the process-oriented by guided inquiry lesson, project-based learning, and flipped classroom and reality pedagogy. Hip-hop education is an approach to teaching that has several advantages. Hip-hop approach helps to create a favorable context for learning and teaching of young people.

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Project-based learning in teaching and learning process mostly focuses on having students to engage in challenges and real-world situations by exploring several aspects. By exploring them, students can develop a solution to various real-life issues. In this approach, the main function of a teacher is to engage students who are disinterested in learning to allow them to be able to identify real life and community issues that they want to solve. Also, it provides students and teachers with various opportunities to be creative. Other approaches for teaching and learning include reality pedagogy approach for teaching and learning which mostly focuses on teachers being able to gain an understanding of the realities of the students and be able to use such information as the point for instructions (Gibb & Coffey, 2004). Teachers will strive to work towards the school targets, and along the way, a teacher will be able to measure their progress.

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Therefore, teachers should ensure that their actions do not deviate from the visions and purpose of teaching so that their actions can be measured or evaluated against a set target or goal. Abiding by the purpose and vision of teaching also prevents confusion among students. There is a possibility that several teachers may handle a student. Therefore, ensuring that what is provided is in line with teaching visions makes it easy for the student to adapt to various school settings (Nickel, 2009). The effect of perceived service quality and name familiarity on the service selection decision. Journal of Services Marketing. Beaudoin, Barnes D, Britton J, Torbe M.  Language, the Learner and the School.  Portsmouth, NH: Boynton Cook- Heinemann; 1989 Castán, J. Retrieved from https://www. scribd. com/document/107160661/Contextual-Factors-Can-Effect-the-Teaching-and-Learning-Process-in-a-Classroom Feixas, M. Zellweger, F.

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Faculty Development in Context: Changing Learning Cultures in Higher Education. Journal Of Teaching And Learning, 6(1). doi: 10. jtl. v6i1. Taylor, Alison.

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