Depressive Disorders Research Paper

Document Type:Research Paper

Subject Area:Psychology

Document 1

The paper also looks into the different ways and extents to which different groups of people are affected differently by the depressive disorder. Findings clearly show that women are the most vulnerable to depressive disorders and this is due to their unique hormonal differences from men. Women also experience numerous stresses from work, to home responsibilities among others and all these increases the chances of depressive disorders. On the other hand, men are severely affected by depression. This is because most men tend to hide their depression and instead of seeking appropriate help, they engage in risky behaviors and even drug and alcohol abuse. The paper also looks into the types of depressive disorders and their different dimensions. Introduction A depressive disorder refers to an illness that involves the mind, thoughts, and body of a human being and it results in a persistent feeling of lack of desire, happiness, and sadness. The depressive disorder affects the normal functioning of a person while at the same time causing pain to the people who care about him/her. However, just like any other major illness, the depressive disorder can be treated by using drugs. It is recommended that an appropriate treatment must be administered immediately the symptoms show up to avoid depressive severity. Causes of Depressive Disorder A depressive disorder is caused by several factors including environmental factors, genetic factors and biochemical factors. It has been shown by research that brain disorders result to depressive illnesses using brain imaging technologies where there is a big difference observed in the brain of people suffering from the depressive disorder as compared to those without (MacKinnon, 2015).

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The images show that the brain parts that regulate appetite, sleep, thinking, and behavior of people with depressive behaviors appear to function abnormally. In some other instances, difficult and stressful situations in some people such as loss of loved ones or some kind of trauma tend to trigger a depressive experience. In addition, some kind of depression has been observed to run in families giving a possibility of a genetic link. Studies have been conducted to show the differences in severity of depressive disorders in women, men, the elderly and the youth. Below is an overview of depressive disorders among these groups. Depression in men Research has shown that men are affected differently from women and the symptoms of depression display differently from women. Clinical research has revealed that men are more willing to acknowledge irritability, sleep disturbances, fatigue and loss of interest rather than being excessively guilty, sad and feeling of worthlessness as women.

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Generally, depression affects the physical health of everybody experiencing it. However, more studies are being carried out by scientists to explore how the rise and fall of the levels of estrogen and other hormones alter the chemistry in the brain which is related to depressive disorders. It has also been observed that most women experience depression after giving birth and particularly new mothers are more vulnerable due to both the physical and hormonal changes and also the feeling of responsibility for the born baby. Some new mothers may experience a more serious condition of depression referred to as postpartum depression. This condition requires immediate attention, treatment and emotional support. Consequently, many women experience stressful strains from work, abuse, home responsibilities, and poverty, caring for children, unstable relationships, and single parenthood among other problems which lead to considerable depression.

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Psychiatric disorders One of the important journals on this research paper is titled, “methods of the treatment of psychiatric disorders”. According to this journal, the major depressive disorder is regarded as a chronic disorder which often associated with long episodes and frequent lapses. A high rate of suicide among those affected by this disorder is reported and it is associated with physical psychosocial impairment. The prevalence of major depression is approximately 17% with a recurrence likelihood of more than 50% according to this journal. However, major depressive disorders are treated with antidepressants with the most commonly used antidepressants being selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. On the other hand, specific psychological treatments are required for post-traumatic strains such as obsessions to child harm and anxiety disorders. Thorough exploration is always required for the postpartum disorder.

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In fact, case studies have shown that involving the child’s father in the process of therapy and promotion of mother and infant interaction is beneficial (Stefanis, 2001). Due to this complexities, postpartum psychiatry requires the involvement of a multidisciplinary specialist. Traditionally, there were three disorders of postpartum psychiatry although this is an oversimplification because there exist a wide range of disorders. Postpartum depressive symptoms Another study was carried out to investigate influencing factor of postpartum depressive symptoms and improvement intervention. In this journal, the author argues that the symptoms of postpartum depression occur within the foist month after birth and should be controlled before the end of the first two weeks (Mott, 2011). There are great similarities between symptoms of the major depressive disorder and those for postpartum depression. These symptoms may include; loss appetite, frequent crying and lack of interests.

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The mother may also have difficulties in decision making and concentration problems while at the same time being overly concerned with the infant’s wellbeing. References Cochran, S.  V. Rabinowitz, F.  E. Figuring Depression in Men. Retrieved from http://72. MuseProxyID=mp01/MuseSessionID=005er04/MuseProtocol=https/MuseHost=search. proquest. com/MusePath/psychology/docview/304880311/abstract?source=fedsrch&accountid=158399 Log In - Research Library: Social Sciences - ProQuest. n.  L. Schiller, C.  E. Richards, J.  G. Diagnosis of Depressive Disorders: A Review.  Depressive Disorders, 1-87. doi:10. ch1.

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