Impact of Julius Caesar rising to power

Document Type:Thesis

Subject Area:History

Document 1

During the attacks from Pompey’s men, Caeser’s generals had a low number of military men. Therefore, they opted to avoid the battle and sought assistance from Rome (Carmona et al. Although the Roman civil war resulted in too many casualties, there were no more military challenges introduced by the Optimates, and remarkable peace was enjoyed for a longer period. According to Majerczyk, (05) the Pompey brothers who had initially taken full control of the anti-Populares forces in Spain were later joined by other section of Optimates units who are presumed to have survived previous wars at Thapsus. Majerczyk illustrates that one of the units constituted of veteran contingent and was equally large commanded by Titus Labienus. Apparently, just before the attack from Pompey, Caesar was forced to conduct a winter campaign and coincidentally, at the same period his army men were out looking for food and shelter.

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During the war, it was quite evident that the ratio of Caesar’s men to the Pompeian side was roughly one-to-two. Another disadvantage that Caesar faced during the war was the fact that Gnaeus Pompey had strategically positioned his army on a hill, thereby taking full advantage of the terrain (Carmona et al. Similarly, at the base of the terrain was a stream that is presumed to have been disrupting enemies who were charging forward. At a first attempt, the number of men that Caesar possessed proved to be unsuccessful in tricking the Optimates into moving away from the hill. At this particular moment, Gnaeus’ men were under intense pressure giving a chance to Julius Caesar’s friend, King Bogud of Mauritania, an opportunity of going round the enemy’s backyard with cavalry and easily poised an attack on the Optimate camp.

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From a more logical perspective, there is always the need to protect the backyard as a way of keeping the war resources from any form of destruction. Labienus apparently did the same by leading the Optimate cavalry back towards protecting the already attacked camp. However, such a move proved to be more disastrous as it led to misinterpretation by Gnaeus’ legions who directly assumed that Labienus men were now retreating. Such as miscommunication eventually proved to be the last blow as the Pompeian men were now under server pressure. Consequently, Caesar commissioned a policy of land reforms to allow equality by reducing powers that the wealthy had been accustomed to. We can term this approach as one of the vital transformations that Caesar established when he rose to the helm.

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In line with curbing any form of rebellion, Julius Caesar reduced the mandate of the Senate making it an advisory council only and no other responsibility even when people were afraid that he would become a king Stevenson, 12. Apparently, Rome had abandoned the monarchy system of government and having a king was unlikely. Over the months, Caesar mopped up in Hispania and rudely disciplined persons who disobeyed him. They had both served with distinction in Asia, overpowered the political structure of the optimates in Rome, and succeeded over the Gaul. However, during the war, the two differed greatly despite their markable friendship. During the Rubicon, the enmity between the two intensified and since they both comprehended the strategy of the other person, they tended to fight the reflection of themselves.

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