Problems Related to Indiscriminate Laboratory Tests

Document Type:Thesis

Subject Area:Nursing

Document 1

The vision of the organization is providing patient care that is highly innovative and of high quality. Its focus is attaining the expected level of patient satisfaction with care that is delivered. In addition to the patient care philosophy that encourages the involvement of both the patient and their family in an active manner in the delivery of care, the organization has a philosophy on patient-centered care. This philosophy encourages active engaging of the patient and their family in pursuing health through health promotion. While the organization has a number of values that form the basis of its operation, the key value is continued participation in delivering healthy living within the community through continued attainment of the expectations patients have. Antonia LLopis, 2011).

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Additionally, algorithms for diagnosis can be established for use in the laboratories. These algorithms should be based on the status of health of the patient or the disease. Other than the aforementioned, expert systems can be implemented to connect the clinicians to the laboratory. These systems include health information systems like EHR. Impact of indiscriminate laboratory testing to patient safety and privacy As mentioned earlier in the discussion, indiscriminate tests particularly those involving blood often cause anxiety that is unnecessary to the patient because a few parameters often end up showing outcomes that are abnormal in otherwise perfectly healthy individuals (Jaya, 2017). In cases where such tests entail determination of markers for chronic conditions like cancer, any form of abnormal outcomes may raise false alarms that can scare the patient.

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When corrected later, the patient will develop an attitude towards the organization and its clinicians, and soon will have an attitude towards the healthcare system. This attitude will be one that makes the individual view the system as “always finding a way to create a non-existing condition”. Additionally, some of the tests often require invasive procedures that are multiple and may subject the patient to actual harm. The organization can only accomplish its goals when these units consider their goals to be similar to organizational goals or when they regard achieving their goals as a direct outcome of accomplishing those of the organization. However, the implementation of the above changes will bring significant alterations in the goals of the affected units and this may result in intergroup conflict (Epstein & Jr, 2011).

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Application of Lewin’s Theory and the implementation plan According to Lewin’s theory of managing change, change process is implemented in three phases. The first phase entails unfreezing where an in-depth comprehension of the challenges associated with the problem that has been identified is done followed by developing strategies that will give strength to the forces that drive the change while weakening or minimizing the forces that restrain change (Sutherland, 2013). In this case, the problem is laboratory tests that are indiscriminate. The key indicators for the performance will include the rate of laboratory errors and the satisfaction levels of the patients and their families. The satisfaction will be assessed after every four weeks throughout the trial period of three months.

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