The Impacts that Parental Alienation has towards grown Up Children

Document Type:Thesis

Subject Area:Psychology

Document 1

According to the recent study conducted by Baker and Verrocchio (2015), is that children that come from single parents tend to suffer psychologically and emotionally. Such sufferings tend to become extreme in cases where the divorce or separation turns out to be contentious to the level of exposing children to court cases or family conflicts between the mother and father. Even most of empirical divorce literature has concentrated at looking at the post-divorce conflict; they have failed to consider parental alienation concepts. In their study for example, Bernet, et al (2010) define the concept as a situation when one of the parents uses powerful emotional manipulations to turn the child against the other parent. Such parents use various techniques to create a strong bond between themselves and the child. They do this to exclude the other parent from being part of the family or children (Toren, et al. Rand, 2011). According to López, Iglesias and García (2014), is that these parents act like cult leaders by creating a cult of parenthood. Most importantly, they fail to acknowledge that their children can develop independent reasoning capability and skills. Instead, they opt to cultivate wrong dependency created to satisfy the emotional wants and needs of grownup person instead of caring about the needs of their children. Children from divorced families experience different levels of parental alienation. Bow, Gould and Flens (2009) outline them as mild, moderate and severe. During the mild case for example, some parents opt to program their children against other parents. However, they do not restrict other parent from visiting their children.

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In this case therefore, a child could manage to create a healthy relationship with both children without any form of difficulty. The other parent tries to conduct a considerable programing of a child against the other parent in the case of moderate parental alienation. Unlike the first case, this form of alienation result into some form of struggles when it comes to visitation. Even though a child might eventually develop a healthy relationship with the two parents, such a child is likely to experience some forms of difficulties transitioning from one parent to another. While on the other hand, a child in severe alienation case remains adamant against the other parent. Unlike the first two cases where a child could end up to develop a healthy relationship albeit struggles, the last case makes a child refuse to make any form of contact with the other parent.

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Purpose statement This study will be designed in order to fill the existing gap in previous studies. Most importantly, even though there has been a widespread nature concerning this problem, no study has focused on understanding alienated children by one parent (Bernet, 2008). Templer, et al. posits that an immediate negative effect occurring out of parental alienation involve psychological problems, general emotional, distortion of reality testing, guilt, and self-hatred. However, there is no empirical evidence that documents the long-term effects on a child as a victim of parental alienation. In overall the interview will be guided by a semi-structured policy. Turkat (2000) recommends that a researcher must be able to obtain information across all the participants while at the same time, giving every participant the opportunity to express themselves. Besides, the design of a structured interview will follow sections.

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Section 1 of the interview will target basic information questions. The second section will focus on questions to understand the memory of participants concerning the marriage and their relationship with the parents from the time of birth to divorce. He them submitted all the 12 transcribed texts to a content analysis. The approach allowed separation of unique thoughts. The study further coded all the texts to produce seven different themes; divorce, alienation the children themselves, lack of trust, drugs and alcohol abuse, depression, and low self-esteem. Baker and Verrocchio (2015) applied survey design on 739 samples from Italy. In essence, they collected data by recruiting a convenience sample from Southern Italy. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 24(10), 3047-3057. Bernet, W. Parental Alienation Disorder and DSM-V. American Journal of Family Therapy, 36(5), 349-366. Doi: 10. Gould, J. W. Flens, J.

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R. Examining Parental Alienation in Child Custody Cases: A Survey of Mental Health and Legal Professionals. A. Parental Alienation among College Students. American Journal of Family Therapy, 39(5), 431-443. López, T. J. Templer, K. Matthewson, M. Haines, J. Cox, G. Recommendations for best practice in response to parental alienation: findings from a systematic review. American Journal of Family Therapy, 41(3), 187-197. Turkat, I. Custody battle burnout. American Journal of Family Therapy, Vol. pp.

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