Health Globalization Research
It all started in the year 1798 in the Marine Hospital Service where they had a laboratory and they were to provide medical care of merchant seamen. In the year 1880, there was an epidemic of Cholera and Yellow Fever and Congress charged the Marine Hospital Service with the duty of examining passengers and checking clinical signs of these diseases that were infectious and dreaded in most cases (History. National Institute of Health, 2017). So, the health sector and healthcare provision has continued to evolve in this manner to meet the various needs especially in times of crisis. However, there are issues such as culture, education, immigration and technology that affect health care and health globalization. The mother was hesitant even after getting the information on her child’s condition.
She requested to take the child back home and talk it out with her family, husband and in-laws before coming to a decision. Culture defines how patients and caregivers perceive health and illness. People’s health beliefs can have a major effect on clinical care because they interfere with preventive efforts and may complicate medical care. Culturally based attitudes on getting treatment and use of folk remedies can either be beneficial or produce toxic results. This has prevented many people with mental conditions from seeking treatment. Hence, it is important to understand beliefs surrounding mental illness in order to implement effective approaches to healthcare. Local people’s beliefs about mental health is different globally and therefore, these services need to be presented in culturally sensitive ways.
This is essential in increasing access and usage of the mental institutions. Culture defines the types of health promotion practices among a people. Education Effects in Health Education is another factor that affects health and health care provision. This effect is in several ways. First, education provides opportunity for better health because an individual with more education has got higher chances of landing a job that provides health promoting benefits. These benefits may include health insurance, retirement packages and paid leaves as compared to those with little or no education who will most likely be working in high-risk occupations and get only a few benefits. Income greatly affects the health of individuals (VCU. The relationship between education and health is seen from the social and psychological benefits of people in a society.
First, there is reduced stress levels those with higher education unlike those with little or no education who often experience high stress levels and this can be harmful to their health (Blick, Franklin, Ellsworth, Havercamp, Kornblau, 2015). The people with less education are most likely exposed to physiological stress responses which predisposes them to diseases such as asthma, cardiovascular diseases and infections which are associated with high mortality rates especially for older adults. Education helps build skills and nurture traits that are important and applicable throughout an individual’s life and is of great importance to health. Education develops people’s skills ranging from cognitive skills and personality traits of an individual from which they receive help when faced with life’s challenges and are able to comfortably manage their health and navigate through the system of healthcare.
Immigration Issues and Health Another factor that affects health and health care provision is immigration. In the USA, immigrants make the largest part of the uninsured population. This is because the, Immigrants are more likely to work in areas that offer low wages and industries that do not cover for their health. They are therefore, exposed to limited access to insurance coverage and encounter great challenges as they try to enroll for coverage even in cases where they are considered eligible (Cunningham, 2017). Immigrants are also challenged with language barrier and so communicating effectively is a problem. Many immigrants do not feel safe seeking medical assistance in institutions due to fear of importation. Most of them resort to using traditional remedies to treat problems related to their health (Nadeem, Lange, Edge, Fongwa, Belin, Miranda, 2007).
This information is mostly hidden from healthcare providers by the patients since they fear being scolded or that the doctor does not understand them. Policies put in place by the state also affects the immigrants’ health. The 2010 law for Obamacare was quite helpful and incorporated immigrants to quality healthcare services (Cunningham, 2017). 9 years and lastly the African American whose life expectancy age is 75. 4 years (Russell, 2010). The factors that come in play are places of living, income and race combined. Socioeconomic and regional factors affect the health of these five groups. Those with high income tend to have longer life span than low income earners and those living in high risk areas who are mostly blacks have the least life expectancy age. S followed by Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, African Americans, Hispanics ad lastly the Alaska natives.
Personal experiences to racism in the society can act as a stressor and induce reactions either physically or psychologically thereby negatively affecting the cardiovascular health system of an individual. These groups experience institutional racism and overtime, they may internalize the negative stereotypes as true which may cause harm to the cardiovascular system. This may lead to fear of seeking medical help to evade victimization on grounds of racial background. This may be based on another person’s experiences or personal experiences. The world has become interconnected and complex making population health the outcome of determinants such as economic, sociocultural, ecological and institutional determinants. Good health has become an international goal and has helped increase life expectancy. Prospects for future health depend largely on the globalization process.
Health related policies formulated by global governance structures are gaining more relevance worldwide (Hilderink, Hueynen, Martins, 2009). Organizations such as the World Bank and World Health Organization acknowledges the need for good health for economic development. Globalization influences lifestyle choices, ideas, information spread worldwide. Behavioral factors such as use of illicit drugs, Physical inactivity and unhealthy diets impact negatively on human health. These factors receive different opinions and responses across the globe. Globalization has helped provide food security and improved knowledge worldwide. There is improved surveillance of diseases considered infectious and antibiotics can be monitored to know more about antibiotic resistance. Movement of people, goods and services all contribute to spread of disease. Globalization of food production increases transmission of food borne diseases.
HIV/AIDS AND Hepatitis B can spread through trade in infected blood or biological products (Hilderink, Hueynen, Martins, 2009). In the face of such situations, relevant technology can used appropriately to improve healthcare. How Technology Can Improve Health Care System Technological advances in the medical field has increased life expectancy and led to improved health of the population. Despite these, there is due to the Technological advancements that are being made to help facilitate in the provision of quality healthcare services for every individual. References Blick R. N. , Franklin M. D. The Health 202: Immigrants' health-care problems are about to get worse. Power Post. Retrieved from; https://www. washingtonpost. com/news/powerpost/paloma/the-health-202/2017/09/06/the-health-202-immigrants-health-care-problems-are-about-to-get-worse/59aeffdf30fb04264c2a1ceb/?utm_term=.
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