Nationalism vs globalism

Document Type:Outline

Subject Area:Criminology

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This fuelled the emergence of a new world order characterized by open borders, free trade and interdependent economies (Smith 25). Different parts of the world have received this differently, with proponents of globalism viewing it as an opportunity for development and growth as characterized by neoliberalism and the free flow of goods, capital, services, and workers. Nationalists, on the other hand, are opposed to globalism and view it as a threat to the sovereignty and independence of states. Nationalism is, in my view, the better approach seeing as it not only protects the sovereignty and self-governance of nations but also ensures that the needs and interests of the legal citizens of a given country are prioritized while also ensuring that the culture, linguistics, values, and beliefs of the people of the country are not eroded as a result of foreign influence. Nationalism is an economic, social and political movement and ideology that is characterized by the promotion of a particular nation’s interests, often in order to gain and maintain the sovereignty and self-governance of the nation (Finlayson 100). Some of the ideals held by nationalism include that a nation is an ideal and natural basis for the polity, that the only rightful source of power is the nation and that each nation has the right to free governance devoid of any outside interference (Finlayson 101). Nationalism aims at promoting a single national identity that stems from such shared social characteristics as religion, language, and culture as well as belief in a shared history while also promoting solidarity or national unity (Smith 26).

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The Cambridge dictionary defines globalism as the idea that the events of one nation cannot be separated from those of another, and that foreign and economic policy ought to be planned in an international way (Cambridge Dictionary n. p). Globalists believe that people, capital and goods should be able to freely move across the borders. While it would be expected that globalization would increase opportunities for upward mobility for everyone, the reality is that the rate of inequality both within nations and internationally worsened during this period (Frankel n. p. A report by the United Nations Development Program revealed that about 86% of the resources of the world are consumed by the richest 20% of the population of the world leaving only 14% for the poor majority of 80% (Frankel n. p. This shows that globalism and globalization have widened fuurther the rift between the poor and the rich.

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In light of this, it is important that a line is drawn between nationalism and racist attitudes and practices. A deeper look into globalism shows that while it promises so much, very little is actually achieved in the long run. Proponents of globalism argue that the ideology has great potential to provide a solution to some of the pervasive societal problems such as poverty, unemployment and unequal distribution of resources. However, this is not the case as there are still numerous barriers to free trade in existence. A story by the Washington Post revealed that more than 1200 barriers on importation and exportation have been put into place by the G20 countries since 2008 (Rothfeder n. Through nationalism, the ideas of democracy within nations would be supported. In the modern day, democracy is symbolized by such aspects of nationalism as equality, liberty, sovereignty and self-government among others.

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Nationalism has strong elements of political and social cohesion and social unification. Nationalism entails having a sense of patriotism and putting one’s country before all else (Alter 5). As such, nationalism enhances the unity of the people belonging to a given country in spite of the diversity. org/dictionary/english/globalism Accessed March 5, 2019. Finlayson, Alan. Chapter 5: Nationalism. In: Political Ideologies: An Introduction. Edited by Vincent Geoghegan. Ip, Greg. We are Not the World. The Wall Street Journal, January 6, 2017. wsj. com/articles/we-arent-the-world-1483728161 Accessed March 5, 2019. pp.

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